The history of Scottish independence is a long, complicated one. For much of their history Scotland has operated autonomously. It’s only been in the last several centuries that they formed a union with England to form Great Britain and be part of the United Kingdom. This chart shows the support for Scottish independence in the last several years.
As far back as history allows Scotland maintained an independent state. Both the Romans and Vikings were unable to conquer the land.
When England broached the territory in the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the wars for Scottish independence were fought, with Scotland emerging victorious and maintaining independence. These wars were fought by the now infamous William Wallace and Robert the Bruce.
Eventually, in 1707 England and Scotland came together under the Acts of Union to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Since then there have been many calls for Scottish independence. Based on different geopolitical events, the calls have been stronger or more subdued.
Following World War II and the subsequent fragmenting on the British Empire, Scotland began to pursue devolution – the act of gaining their own parliament under the broader UK parliament. This finally came into reality in 1999.
Scottish Support for Independence
In 2014, Scotland held its first referendum on the issue of independence. Despite polls suggesting a closer contest, the Scottish people voted “No” to independence by a 55% to 45% margin.
Since then only in 2020 have polls showed that over 50% would support “Yes” to independence. Will a second referendum take place in the future? We will have to wait and see.