One of the most famous and successful NASA programs to date was the Apollo Program. The program lasted from 1961-1972 with early tests of the Saturn family launch rockets and ending with the Apollo 17 lunar landing. The Apollo program’s most legendary feat was with the Apollo 11 mission that was the first in history to lands humans on the lunar surface in 1969. This chart shows a list of the Apollo Mission results.
The Apollo program was the third US space flight program which followed Project Mercury and Project Gemini. It was originally intended to create a three-person spacecraft, which would follow on from the work of the original one-person Project Mercury and two-person Project Gemini spacecraft.
The overall mission goal changed in 1961 when President Kennedy challenged the nation to land a man on the moon by the end of the decade. To complete said goal would be an enormous undertaking. At one point during the program, NASA employed over 400,000 people, and required support from 20,000 industrial firms and universities.
The penultimate moment of the program came with the Apollo 11 mission which intended to land humans on the moon. Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the lunar surface on July 20, 1969 where Armstrong famously declared “That’s one small step for man; one giant leap for mankind.”
List of Apollo Mission Results
Despite the many successes of the program, it did not come without its failures. The AS-204 mission ended in failure when a fire broke out on the launch pad. All three astronauts on board were killed in the fire, and the mission was posthumously named Apollo 1.
In addition, it was intended that there would be 7 lunar landings, though only 6 occurred. On Apollo 13 there was a failure with the oxygen tank on the way to the moon. In order to bring the astronauts home alive, the lunar landing was aborted and is counted as a space flight.
NASA also had plans for 3 additional missions, though these were cancelled due to budget cuts.
The legacy of the Apollo program is one that will endure. Landing twelve men on the moon and returning them to earth with 1960s technology is no small feat. The Apollo 17 mission in 1972 is still the last time that humans have walked on the moon.
Source: Apollo by the Numbers